IOGP Well Control Incident Lesson Sharing
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A treatment directly performed in the active pit caused an unexpected mud density reduction in the well followed by a formation influx


IOGP Well Control Incident Lesson Sharing #23-2

After reaching section TD, the well was circulated clean and mud conditioning was initiated to prepare the casing run & cement. A first cycle at a low dilution rate was performed without reaching the objective. It was decided to change for a stronger pump and a bigger hose inducing a significantly higher dilution rate. This sudden incorporation of additives - on the fly - in the active pit had the unexpected effect to lower the density of the mud system, causing the ECD to drop slightly below formation pressure. A gain was then detected following a decision to flowcheck the well.

This lesson sharing reminds us of the importance to restrain any direct treatment in the active pits and keep a full control of the active mud properties this being the primary well barrier.

The Wells Expert Committee/Well Control Incident Subcommittee believes that this incident description contains sufficient lessons to be shared with the industry. We further encourage the recipients of this lesson sharing to share it further within their organization.


Following the under-reaming of the 22" pilot hole to 26", the well was circulated clean at TD and mud conditioning commenced to reduce YP from 36 to ~26 in preparation for running and cementing the 20" casing. Mud weight was expected to be maintained at 1.35+sg throughout the operation due to minimal overbalance. While circulating the ECD dropped from 1.365sg to 1.334sg which was lower than the predicted pore pressure. A flow check was performed and a gain of 2.4bbl was observed over a period of 1.75 hours. Circulation was re-established and conditioning continued while increasing the mud weight to maintain ECD above 1.35sg. A second flow check showed a loss of 1bbl over the flow check (+/-1hour).

What Went Wrong?:

  • Initially the active system was treated by adding 1.15sg premix at 0.5bbls/min with a 2 hose. However, after one full system circulating volume was completed, mud conditioning objectives had not been met due to the low dilution rate. The operation was changed to use a mix pump and 6 mixing line, the subsequent higher dilution rate led to a reduction in the mud weight which was pumped downhole.
  • Lack of availability of appropriate equipment (pumps/agitators) resulted in a reduction of mud weight in the pits and consequently the mud pumped into the well.
  • PWD data alarm point in Well Monitoring Matrix set too high and resulted in no alarm when the mud weight was lower than required to maintain an overbalanced condition.
  • Lack of timely detection and response when the ECD reduced to a value lower than the surface MW value.
  • Procedures in place did not indicate the minimum allowable ECD.

Corrective Actions and Recommendations:

  • A clear and approved procedure must be in place for any mud treatment where there is a risk of reduction of fluid weight.
  • Confirm appropriate equipment and procedures are in place to conduct mud treatments in a controlled manner.
  • Elimination of Mud Conditioning on future Top-Hole Sections where possible. Removes the risk associated with mud dilution and Well Control where there is a narrow overbalance window.
  • Conduct regular verification of the pit management plans / pit room tasks related to fluid density control.
  • Well programme shall include the minimum and maximum mud weights and ECDs for each hole section.


safety alert number: 348
IOGP Well Control Incident Lesson Sharing http://safetyzone.iogp.org/

Disclaimer

Whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in this publication, neither the IOGP nor any of its members past present or future warrants its accuracy or will, regardless of its or their negligence, assume liability for any foreseeable or unforeseeable use made thereof, which liability is hereby excluded. Consequently, such use is at the recipient's own risk on the basis that any use by the recipient constitutes agreement to the terms of this disclaimer. The recipient is obliged to inform any subsequent recipient of such terms.
This document may provide guidance supplemental to the requirements of local legislation. Nothing herein, however, is intended to replace, amend, supersede or otherwise depart from such requirements. In the event of any conflict or contradiction between the provisions of this document and local legislation, applicable laws shall prevail.

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